Mediana (f)

(with) definite article: ? [sa?]
(the) middle one
Identical types: 29

According to Weis Bentzon made in 6 keys (G, A, B♭, C, D, and E major), to Dore in 5 keys (C, D, G, A, and B♭), and to Lai in 3 keys only (B♭, C, and D); According to Weis Bentzon, the Mediana in G is almost extinct, and only still (1960s) used in Cabras (prov. Oristano) for song accompaniment; NB¹: ➺ Remark to Mediana (a) pipia;
NB²: ➺ Morisku; NB³: ➺ Mediana (Aragón, Spain).

Mankosedda (in G): Arrefinu: d¹; Krais: f♯¹-g¹-a¹-b¹; Mankosa manna: Arrefinu: g; Krais: a-b-c¹-d¹; Tumbu: G (These tunings agree with those of an instrument in C, as presented in »Launeddas«); NB4: Note the different tuning of the Mankosa manna (Arrefinu: G; Krais: A-B-c-d [i.e. 1 octave lower]) in the "Partitura del temperamento" in Dore, who in his explanation erroneously notes an F natural, instead of the F♯ in the staff.
NB: Example(s) to be replaced with staff-notation.


Weis Bentzon, Andreas Fridolin: The launeddas: a Sardinian folk music instrument. Copenhagen, 1969, p.19-20, 22.

Dore, Giovanni: Gli strumenti della musica popolare della Sardegna. Cagliari, 1976, p.44-45, 51.

Oppo, Franco: Il sistema dei cunzertus nelle launeddas [with extensive attention to the various tunings]. In: Sonos (1994), p.159.

Meloni, Gianfranco & Pala, Giulio: Conoscere e suonare le launeddas. In: Launeddas: l’anima di un popolo (1997), p.157-159 (➺ 155*).

Lai, Luigi: Metodo per / A method for the launéddas. Cagliari, 1996, p.13/15.